[Download] UPSC Syllabus PDF | Complete Mains Syllabus GS1-GS4 Explained | 2019-2020


Here you will get UPSC syllabus in eyecandy fonts. You can copy tables and paste on your evernote OR download PDF and print them out. Also I have discussed UPSC syllabus of GS Paper 1 to GS Paper IV topics in detail. These 4 papers cover 1000 marks.

  • I have not included optional syllabus as it differs from individual to individual.
  • Also, you can watch the full video on YouTube.
  • I will also upload PDF on Telegram by the time you are reading this blog.

There are 4 general studies paper each carrying 250 marks.

How to Use this PDF

Keep them on your desk or where you study most of the time. Whenever you are reading newspaper, NCERTs or standard books – glance through PDF, find out is there any connecting link, if yes then go forward and read it OR else skip.

This is how you finish NCERTs in 90-120 days, this is how you cover entire syllabus of gs and get time for mains, and this is how you will finish newspaper in one and half hour.

The whole purpose is to get direction, save time, increase productivity and maximise output.

Syllabus of GS 1 contains –

  • Art and culture
  • History of India and the world
  • Geography of India and the world
  • Indian society

Note: I have left resource topic blanc intentionally. You can use this table, just copy and add your own resources that you are going to read.

Indian Culture – Salient aspects of Art Forms. Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
Modern Indian history- the middle of the 18th century until the present. Significant events and personalities. Issues in the same period.
The Freedom Struggle – Various stages + important contributors + contributions from different parts of British India.
Post-independence India: Consolidation and reorganization within the country
World History – From the 18th century – industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization.
Political Philosophies (World History) —> communism, capitalism, socialism etc. their forms and effect on the society.
Indian Society- Salient features and diversity of India.
Women: Role of women + women’s organization
Issues: Poverty + developmental issues, Urbanization –> problems + their remedies. Population + associated issues
ISMS: communalism, regionalism + secularism.
Globalisation: Its effects on Indian society Social empowerment,
Physical Geography: Salient features of the world’s Phy. Geo.
Resources: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia + the Indian sub-continent)
Location: factors responsible for the location of industries (primary, secondary, and tertiary sector) in various parts of the world and India
Important Geophysical phenomena: earthquakes + tsunami + volcanic activity + cyclone etc.
Geographical features and their location: Changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) also in flora and fauna + effects of such changes.


Many of you asked in YouTube comments so here is the PDF.

[Download] PDF for GS1 Mains Syllabus Click Below



GS 2 Syllabus Contains Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations

  • Indian constitution
  • Indian polity
  • Social justice
  • Governance
  • International relations
Indian Constitution — historical underpinnings + evolution + features + amendments + significant provisions + basic structure.
Union and the States (Federalism) —>
  • Functions + responsibilities of the Union and the States. Also issues + challenges pertaining to the federal structure.
  • Devolution of powers + finances up to local levels —> challenges therein.
Separation of Power: Various organs dispute redressal mechanisms + institutions (institutions = judiciary, executive, legislature)
Comparison: Indian constitutional scheme compared with other countries
Legislature: Parliament and State Legislatures —  structure + functioning + conduct of business + powers + privileges. Also issues arising out of these.
Executive and Judiciary: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries + Departments of the Government;
Pressure Groups: Formal OR informal associations, their role in the Polity.
RPA: Salient features —> Representation of People’s Act.
Constitutional Bodies: Appointment to various Constitutional posts.  Powers + functions + responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
Quasi Judicial Bodies + Regulatory Bodies + Statutory Bodies
Government policies + interventions —> For development in various sectors. Also, issues arising out of their design and implementation.
Development processes + development industry: the role of NGOs + SHGs. Also various groups + associations + donors + charities + institutional + other stakeholders
Welfare schemes:
  • For vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States. Also the performance of these schemes;
  • Mechanisms + laws + institutions + bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections
  • Issues relating to development + management of Social Sector
  • OR Services relating to Health + Education + Human Resources.
  • Important aspects of governance – transparency – accountability,
  • E-governance —  applications + models + successes + limitations and potential;
  • Citizens charters
  • Transparency + Accountability. Also institutional and other measures.
Civil Service: i.e. Role of Civil Services role in a democracy.
India and its Neighbourhood: Relations
Bilateral + regional + global groupings:
  • Also, agreements involving India and affecting India’s interests
Effect of policies + politics of developed and developing countries: on India’s interests.
Indian diaspora
Institutions: Important International institutions – agencies + fora, their structure + mandate.


Download Syllabus: GS2-Mains-Syllabus

WATCH: UPSC Syllabus explained

GS Paper 3 contains-

  • Indian economy and economic development
  • Agriculture and related industries
  • Food Processing industry
  • Infrastructure and investment models
  • Environment and biodiversity
  • Science and technology
  • Internal security
Indian Economy: issues relating to planning + mobilisation of resources + growth + development + employment.
Inclusive growth –> issues arising from it.
Government Budgeting 
Major Crops: cropping patterns in various part of India (Overlap with Geo)
Irrigation: Different types of the irrigation system, irrigation systems storage
[After Harvest] Transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints
  • Food Security: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices;
  • Public Distribution System: objectives + functioning + limitations, revamping + issues of buffer stocks + food security;
Technology missions: economics of animal-rearing, e-technology in the aid of farmers
Food processing industries in India: scope and significance + location + upstream + downstream requirements + supply chain management.
Land reforms: Before independence + After Independence
LPG: Effects of liberalisation on the Indian economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
Infrastructure: Energy + Ports + Roads + Airports + Railways etc.
Investment models
Science and Technology: developments + their applications + effects in everyday life
Indian Achievements: science & technology; indigenisation of technology + developing new tech.
Awareness: IT + Space + Computers + robotics + nano-technology + bio-technology + issues relating to intellectual property rights.
Conservation: environmental pollution + degradation + environmental impact assessment
Disaster: disaster management + NDMA guidelines
Linkages between development and spread of fanatics extremism.
External Security: Role of external (state + non-state) actors in creating challenges to internal security.
Challenges to internal security:
  • through communication networks + role of media + social networking sites in internal security challenges
  • Cybersecurity basics
  • money-laundering and its prevention
Border Areas: 
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas;
  • linkages of organised crime with terrorism (ex Dawood)
Security Forces in India: Various Security forces + agencies and their mandate.
Download PDF –> gs3-mains-syllabus-pdf

GS Paper 4 contains Theory and Case Studies

  • Ethics and human interface
  • Human values
  • Attitude and aptitude
  • Emotional intelligence
  • Probity in governance
  • Citizen charter, RTI and corporate ethics
  • Ethics in public administration
Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; Dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
Human Values – Lessons from the lives and teachings (great leaders + reformers + administrators). Role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
Attitude – content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought + behaviour + moral and political attitudes + social influence + persuasion.
Aptitude + Foundational values for Civil Service: integrity + impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.
Emotional intelligence: concepts + their utilities + application in administration and governance.
Moral Thinkers: Contributions of moral thinkers + philosophers from India and the world.
Public OR Civil service values + Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance;
Accountability and ethical governance: strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information
Codes of Ethics: Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilisation of public funds, challenges of corruption.
Case Studies on the above issues.

UPSC Syllabus PDF


Click here


    • Sir great thnks, for your efforts to shareing your knowledge to us. Sir i have a question regarded how to choose optional subject

  1. Sir please make a video on how to prepare for 2022 upsc aspirants.
    It Will ne very much useful for aspirants like me

  2. Sir plz tell how to prepare for ias as a 2nd year engineering students and I don’t know how to start preparation Plzzzz help me

  3. Sir I’m hindi medium aspirant so plz provide this syllabus in hindi also,And make video on hindi medium aspirants and clear the confusion between Hindi medium & English medium

  4. Sir please make a video on microtopics of upsc..it will be very useful for us..
    Share the pdf of the microtipics plz..

  5. thankyou sir for great effort … i will use your syllabus and it’s very concise… i have see many videos by making you …. its very helpful for me… i really again thankyou sir


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here