Timeline of Modern Indian History from 1857 – 1947 That You Should Not Miss

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UPSC is asking questions from timeline of Modern Indian history especially from 1857 – 1947. So here we came up with the post on timeline of Modern Indian history. Here you will get the rule of British India chronologically ordered from 1857 – 1947.

1850-1859: The History of Modern India Timeline

  • 1852: Second Anglo Burmese war. 
  • 1853: Lord Dalhousie introduced Railway and Telegraph. First railway —> Mumbai – Thane.
  • 1857: The Revolt – Sepoy Mutiny. First major Indian revolt. Ended with the fall of Delhi     and Lucknow.
  • 1858: Queen Victoria’s Proclamation. Civil service jobs in India are opened to Indians.
  • 1858: India completes first 200 miles of railway track.
  • 1859: Deenbandhu Mitra wrote Neeldarpan.
history-modern-india-1857-1947
history-modern-india-1857-1947

1860-1869: The History of Modern India Timeline

  • 1861: Rabindranath Tagore is born (d. 1941).
  • 1863: Swami Vivekananda is born (d. 1902).
  • 1866: At least a million and a half Indians die in the Orissa Famine.
  • 1869: MK Gandhi Born. (d.1948).

1870-1879: The History of Modern India Timeline

  • 1872: First British census conducted in India.
  • 1876: Queen Victoria (1819-1901) is proclaimed Empress of India (1876-1901). 
  • 1876: Major famine mishandled by Viceroy Lord Lytton.
  • 1878: Vernacular Press Act.

1880-1889: The History of Modern India Timeline

  • 1881: Factory Act.
  • 1885: A group of middle-class intellectuals established the INC.
  • 1887: Badaruddin Tyabaji First Muslim President of INC.
  • 1888: George Yule First Foreigner President of INC.
  • 1889: Jawaharlal Nehru is born (d. 1964).

1890-1899: The History of Modern India Timeline

  • 1891: B. R. Ambedkar is born (d. 1956).
  • 1893: Swami Vivekananda represents Hinduism at Chicago’s Parliament of the World’s Religion.
  • 1897: Plague in Mumbai by Famine Commission.
  • 1896: BG Tilak initiates Ganesh Visarjan and Shivaji Festivals.
  • 1897: Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee celebrated amid yet another famine in British India.
  • 1899: Lord Curzon becomes Governor-General and Viceroy.

Also read: Socio Religious Reform Movements in India.

1900-1909: The History of Modern India Timeline

  • 1900: India’s tea exports to Britain reach £137 million. 
  • 1901: Herbert Risley conducts first ethnographic census of India. 
  • 1903: Lord Curzon’s grand Delhi Durbar.
  • 1905: Partition of Bengal rouses strong opposition. 
  • 1905: Swadeshi movement and boycott of British goods initiated. Lord Curzon resigns.
  • 1906: Formation of Muslim League.
  • 1909: Morely Minto Reforms announced. Minto becames father of separate electorate.

1910-1919: The History of Modern India Timeline

  • 1911: Final imperial durbar in Delhi.
  • 1911: Cancellation of Partition of the Bengal. 
  • 1913: R. Tagore wins Nobel Prize (Lit.) Ghadar founded. 
  • 1913: Educational Resolution of the Government of India. 
  • 1914: Indian troops to France to fight in World War.
  • 1915: Mahatma Gandhi returns from South Africa.
  • 1916: Komagata Maru incident: Canada excludes Indian citizens from immigration.
  • 1916: Home Rule League. Annie Beasant and Tilak.
  • 1916: Lucknow Pact between Congress and Muslim League.
  • 1917: Champaran Satyagraha. Teen Kathiya Bihar.
  • 1918: WWI ends. Kheda Satyagraha. Ahmadabad Mill strikes.
  • 1919: Rowlatt Act. Curbed freedom of expression. 
  • 1919: Jallianwala Bagh massacre. General Dyer ordered Gurkha troops to shoot unarmed demonstrators in Amritsar, At least 379 killed (Govt Fig). Later General Dyer praised in Britain. Gandhi —> Himalayan Blunder —> Rowlatt Satyagraha.

1920-1929: The History of Modern India Timeline

  • 1920: The Khilafat Movement + Non Co-operation Movement.
  • 1921: Moplah (Muslim) rebellion in Malabar; census of India.
  • 1922: Non-cooperation movement called off by Mahatma Gandhi after Chauri Chaura violence. 
  • 1925: Reforms Enquiry Committee Report.
  • 1928: Simon Commission comes to India; Boycott by all parties.

1930-1939: The History of Modern India Timeline

  • 1930: JL Nehru becomes president of the Congress. Purna Swaraj Resolution passed in Lahore.
  • 1930: Salt Satyagraha, First Round Table Conference.
  • 1931: Second Round Table Conference; Irwin-Gandhi Pact. Bhagat Singh trial.
  • 1934: Civil disobedience Movement called off; Bihar Earthquake.
  • 1935: Government of India Act.
  • 1937: Inauguration of provincial Autonomy. Faizpur session.
  • 1939: Political deadlock in India as congress ministries resign.
  • 1939: World War. 

1940-1949: The History of Modern India Timeline

  • 1940: August Offer. 
  • 1942: Cripp’s Mission.
  • 1942: Indian National Army.
  • 1944: Gandhi-Jinnah Talks Break down on Pakistan issue.
  • 1946: The RIN Mutiny.
  • 1946: The Cabinet Mission. 
  • 1946: Formation of interim Government.
  • 3 June 1947: Lord Mountbatten’s plan for partition of India
  • 15 Aug 1947: Partition of India and Independence

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