UPSC is asking questions from timeline of Modern Indian history especially from 1857 – 1947. So here we came up with the post on timeline of Modern Indian history. Here you will get the rule of British India chronologically ordered from 1857 – 1947.
1850-1859: The History of Modern India Timeline
- 1852: Second Anglo Burmese war.
- 1853: Lord Dalhousie introduced Railway and Telegraph. First railway —> Mumbai – Thane.
- 1857: The Revolt – Sepoy Mutiny. First major Indian revolt. Ended with the fall of Delhi and Lucknow.
- 1858: Queen Victoria’s Proclamation. Civil service jobs in India are opened to Indians.
- 1858: India completes first 200 miles of railway track.
- 1859: Deenbandhu Mitra wrote Neeldarpan.
1860-1869: The History of Modern India Timeline
- 1861: Rabindranath Tagore is born (d. 1941).
- 1863: Swami Vivekananda is born (d. 1902).
- 1866: At least a million and a half Indians die in the Orissa Famine.
- 1869: MK Gandhi Born. (d.1948).
1870-1879: The History of Modern India Timeline
- 1872: First British census conducted in India.
- 1876: Queen Victoria (1819-1901) is proclaimed Empress of India (1876-1901).
- 1876: Major famine mishandled by Viceroy Lord Lytton.
- 1878: Vernacular Press Act.
1880-1889: The History of Modern India Timeline
- 1881: Factory Act.
- 1885: A group of middle-class intellectuals established the INC.
- 1887: Badaruddin Tyabaji First Muslim President of INC.
- 1888: George Yule First Foreigner President of INC.
- 1889: Jawaharlal Nehru is born (d. 1964).
1890-1899: The History of Modern India Timeline
- 1891: B. R. Ambedkar is born (d. 1956).
- 1893: Swami Vivekananda represents Hinduism at Chicago’s Parliament of the World’s Religion.
- 1897: Plague in Mumbai by Famine Commission.
- 1896: BG Tilak initiates Ganesh Visarjan and Shivaji Festivals.
- 1897: Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee celebrated amid yet another famine in British India.
- 1899: Lord Curzon becomes Governor-General and Viceroy.
Also read: Socio Religious Reform Movements in India.
1900-1909: The History of Modern India Timeline
- 1900: India’s tea exports to Britain reach £137 million.
- 1901: Herbert Risley conducts first ethnographic census of India.
- 1903: Lord Curzon’s grand Delhi Durbar.
- 1905: Partition of Bengal rouses strong opposition.
- 1905: Swadeshi movement and boycott of British goods initiated. Lord Curzon resigns.
- 1906: Formation of Muslim League.
- 1909: Morely Minto Reforms announced. Minto becames father of separate electorate.
1910-1919: The History of Modern India Timeline
- 1911: Final imperial durbar in Delhi.
- 1911: Cancellation of Partition of the Bengal.
- 1913: R. Tagore wins Nobel Prize (Lit.) Ghadar founded.
- 1913: Educational Resolution of the Government of India.
- 1914: Indian troops to France to fight in World War.
- 1915: Mahatma Gandhi returns from South Africa.
- 1916: Komagata Maru incident: Canada excludes Indian citizens from immigration.
- 1916: Home Rule League. Annie Beasant and Tilak.
- 1916: Lucknow Pact between Congress and Muslim League.
- 1917: Champaran Satyagraha. Teen Kathiya Bihar.
- 1918: WWI ends. Kheda Satyagraha. Ahmadabad Mill strikes.
- 1919: Rowlatt Act. Curbed freedom of expression.
- 1919: Jallianwala Bagh massacre. General Dyer ordered Gurkha troops to shoot unarmed demonstrators in Amritsar, At least 379 killed (Govt Fig). Later General Dyer praised in Britain. Gandhi —> Himalayan Blunder —> Rowlatt Satyagraha.
1920-1929: The History of Modern India Timeline
- 1920: The Khilafat Movement + Non Co-operation Movement.
- 1921: Moplah (Muslim) rebellion in Malabar; census of India.
- 1922: Non-cooperation movement called off by Mahatma Gandhi after Chauri Chaura violence.
- 1925: Reforms Enquiry Committee Report.
- 1928: Simon Commission comes to India; Boycott by all parties.
1930-1939: The History of Modern India Timeline
- 1930: JL Nehru becomes president of the Congress. Purna Swaraj Resolution passed in Lahore.
- 1930: Salt Satyagraha, First Round Table Conference.
- 1931: Second Round Table Conference; Irwin-Gandhi Pact. Bhagat Singh trial.
- 1934: Civil disobedience Movement called off; Bihar Earthquake.
- 1935: Government of India Act.
- 1937: Inauguration of provincial Autonomy. Faizpur session.
- 1939: Political deadlock in India as congress ministries resign.
- 1939: World War.
1940-1949: The History of Modern India Timeline
- 1940: August Offer.
- 1942: Cripp’s Mission.
- 1942: Indian National Army.
- 1944: Gandhi-Jinnah Talks Break down on Pakistan issue.
- 1946: The RIN Mutiny.
- 1946: The Cabinet Mission.
- 1946: Formation of interim Government.
- 3 June 1947: Lord Mountbatten’s plan for partition of India
- 15 Aug 1947: Partition of India and Independence
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