Tiger is the national animal of India. Tiger is found in various parts of the country. In this post, I will explain some facts and figures related to Tiger.
Tiger Census in India
- In the recent Tiger Census, Tiger population an estimated 2,967. India had 2,226 reported tigers in India.
- 29th July is National Tiger Day
Number of Tigers
Number of Tigers
What is Population? a population is a group of members of same species living in a specific area.
Where Can You Find Tigers in India?
They are found in various parts of India, but to be specific –
- Shivalik Hills and Gangetic Plains,
- Central Indian Landscape and Eastern Ghats,
- The Western Ghats,
- North-East Hills and Brahmaputra Plains,
- and the Sundarbans.
update: the Central Indian landscape is recording the highest increment in numbers.
Why Tigers Are Important?
- Tiger is keystone species – he helps to define an entire ecosystem. Being top predator he maintains the balance between herbivores and vegetation. Without him, the entire ecosystem will suffer.
- The Global Tiger Forum – It is a collaboration of tiger bearing countries. They have set a target to double the tiger count by 2022. Moreover, more than 80% of the world’s wild tigers are in India.
- In 2010, under St Petersburg declaration India committed doubling Tiger population, India achieved deadline much in advance before the 2022 deadline.
- Approximately 75% of the tigers are found in India.
How Do They Count the Number of Tigers
- Pug Mark: In this method, the pug mark i.e. the footprint of the tiger is used to identify tiger in the vicinity. Accuracy is low.
- Camera Trap: Here night vision camera is used to capture tiger movement. Costlier than the previous method.
- Poop/Scat Method: Droppings of the big cat are identified and tested and to narrow down the search.
- Radio Collar Trap: Installing GPS tracker – radio collar trap for continuous tracking of a big cat.
Some Facts That You Should Know for Prelims
- No tiger found in the Buxa, Palamau and Dampa reserves.
- The number of tigers increased from 2226 in 2014 to 2967 in 2018
State Wise Numbers
- Tiger state Madhya Pradesh saw the highest number of tigers @526
- Karnataka is second at 524
- Uttarakhand is at number 3 with 442 tigers.
- At the fourth place, there is Maharashtra
- Chhatisgarh and Mizoram saw a decline in their tiger numbers
- The number of tigers in Odisha remained constant.
- All other States showed a positive trend.
Why There is an increase in number?
- Project Tiger: Focused on increasing number of tigers
- Law and Order: Formation of the task force, Wildlife Crime Control Bureau.
- Provision: Rehabilitation packages
- International Cooperation: To ban illegal trade treaty with various countries (Nepal, China, Bangladesh)
Why Some States Are Showing Decline
- According to the report law and order is the reason — large parts of the state are affected by the Maoist insurgency.
Will update news if found anything useful.