Class 6 Chapter 7 Our Country India NCERT Notes + MCQ
This is the second last chapter of Class VI NCERT-
- The Earth in the Solar System
- Globe: Latitudes and Longitude
- The Motions of the Earth: Rotation and Revolution
- Major Domains of The Earth
- Major Landforms of the Earth
- India is geographically diverse. India has –
- the lofty Himalayas in the north
- the Arabian Sea in the west
- the Bay of Bengal in the East
- the Indian ocean in the south.
- Area: About 3.28 million square kilometres.
- the north to south extent ~ 3200 km
- the east-west extent ~ 2900 kilometre.
- India is the second-most populous country
- Tropic of Cancer divides India into two parts
- India is located in the Northern hemisphere.
- Seven countries share a land boundary with India
- Sri Lanka is separated from India by the Palk Strait.
- there are 29 states and 7 union territories. This number will change to 9 after recent developments in Jammu and Kashmir.
- the states have been formed mainly on the basis of languages.
- Rajasthan is the largest state and Goa is the smallest state in terms of area
Physical Division of India – NCERT Notes
- The Himalayan Mountains
- The Greater Himalayas: Himadri + Highest peaks
- The Middle Himalayas: Himachal + popular hill stations.
- The Lesser Himalayas: Shiwaliks
- The Northern Plains
- Indus Plain: Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana
- Gangetic Plain: UP, Bihar, West Bengal
- Brahmaputra Plain: Assam, Bangladesh
- Sundarban Delta: Triangular in shape
- The Peninsular Plateau
- Western Ghats: Continuous
- Eastern Ghats: Broken. Godavari + Krishna + Cavery
- The Aravalis: Oldest
- Vindhyan Range: Block Mountain
- Satpura Range: Block Mountain
- The Coastal Plains
- Eastern Coastal Plain: Godavari + Krishna + Cauvery delta
- Western Coastal Plain: Narrower.
- The Islands
- Lakshadweep Islands: Coral islands
- Andaman and Nicobar Islands: Archipelago
Q. Which of the following rivers does not drain into the Arabian Sea?
Q. Which of the following mountain range is a dividing line between the Gangetic Plain and the Deccan Plateau?
- Amarkantak Plateau
Watch Video: Our Country India Explained
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