Daily Answer Writing | Indian Economy GS3 | Planning in India | NITI Aayog

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Here you can practice daily answer writing. We will be practical and focus on one question every day for starters. This is a free initiative. First I will provide guidelines and then you can write your answers. Make sure that you are not taking more than 10 minutes to answer each question. For authenticity and quality, the question will be most probably from UPSC previous years mains exam.

Answer in the comment section below. Peer review is most welcome. Keep healthy and happy environment and encourage each other to write more. Also provide constructive criticism, which can help everyone. This is a free initiative for everyone.

Even if you are reluctant just write something, nobody is perfect. Also, I am not expecting perfect answers. This is a general studies paper, so the expected answer should be in general.

Fail Fast, Fail Often

It is always better to fail here rather than being clueless in the exam. Nobody is going to judge you here. Focus on your goal and how you can achieve that goal, using all the resources that you have.

How are the principles followed by the NITI Aayog different from those followed by the erstwhile Planning Commission in India?

भारत में नीति आयोग द्वारा अनुसरण किए जा रहे सिद्धांत इससे पूर्व के योजना आयोग द्वारा अनुसरित सिद्धांतो से किस प्रकार भिन्न है?

Guidelines

  • Introduction:
    1. Background/ history/ origin of Planning commission
    2. then why NITI AAYOG instead of the planning commission
    3. NITI Aayog full form (Always mention full form first when you are using short forms in answer writing ex-National Institution for Transforming India (NITI). Once you declared NITI stands for so and so, then onwards you can use NITI.
  • Body (Address the question and give examples)
    1. Cooperative Federalism vs Central Planning
    2. Think Tank vs Planning
    3. Open-ended
    4. Touching various sectors (ex. Make in India, Startups)
    5. Flexible Planning vs Long term planning (3 yr, 7 yr, 15 yr Agenda)
    6. constructive criticism of Planning Commission.
  • Conclusion: Balanced opinion – way forward – End on a positive note.

Answer in comment section below.

 

 

5 COMMENTS

  1. Inspired from USSR model PM Nehru established a planning commission in 1950 to design the five year plans for india. In 2015, it was replaced by a new organisation named National institution for Transforming India(NITI) by PM Modi.
    The princilpes followed by these two organisations differ from each other in the following dimensions:
    1.Competitive federalism
    NITI Aayog has prepared online dashboards to rank the states on various indicators of development such as
    *Sustainable Development Goals(SDG) India Index
    *Similarly, it has prepared Health Index, School Education Quality Index etc.
    *Ordinary citizens, journalists, opposition parties and researches can easily access such online indices and thereby it increases the accountability of the state governments in terms of funding vs progress.

    While planning commission also released the state wise data related to number of people below the poverty line (BPL), infant mortality rate(IMR), maternal mortality ratio (MMR) etc. But the nature of ranking, performance measurement and simplified presentation for the ordinary people was missing.
    2.Strategic disinvestment/ Privatization
    Strategic disinvestment means the selling governmet shareholding to such proportions that private entity gets the managing control of the company. NITI Aayog suggested strategic disinvestment of many sick/loss making Central public sector enterprises (CPSE) such as Air India, Pawan Hans Helicopter etc.
    Since Planning commission was formed with ideals of Nehruvian socialism it ordinarily did not advocate for privatisation but rather revival for sick CPSEs.
    3.Nutritional security not just food security Poshan abhiyan aims to make India malnutrition free india India by 2022 with focus on pregnat women, mothers and children; food fortification etc.
    Whereas Planning comission’s focus had largely been on food security in terms of calorie security.
    4.Openness and Interactivity
    NITI Aayog regularly organizes seminars, workshops, conferences for idea exchange with industries and acdemics.
    Planning commission was more of a closed body.
    5.catalyst for innovation and startups
    NITI Aayog runs atul innovation mission and SETU to help startups and programmes for artificial developments.
    Planning commission also advocated ICT,eGovernance and technological innovations but focus on areas had been mostly confined to public administration part instead of economy and startups.

    NITI’s approach is more modernised, forward thinking, less bereaucratic than planning commission. With such innitiatives NITI Aayog ia playing a pivotal role of athink tank for economic growth, human development and good governance in India.

  2. “A major institutional reform is the move away from planning, to transforming India. The setting up of NITI Aayog, is a step in this direction.” -Narendra Modi.
    Planning Commission was established on 15th March 1950 by Late Jawahar Lal Nehru taking inspiration from Soviet Union’s Experiment of planned development aiming towards having a socialistic society using process of hierarchical or top down model. On 15th August 2014, the Prime Minister of India made statement to replace Planning Commission with NITI Aayog. PM statement made it amply clear that the Nehruvian Model of planning commission has breathed its last.
    National institution for transforming India( NITI Aayog) came into force from 1st January 2015, to achieve sustainable development goals and cooperative federalism.
    Why replacement:
    NITI Aayog will help change the emphasis from projects and programmes to policy and institutions, from expenditure inputs to real outcomes through better governance, and from political disputation over incremental allocations to new challenges and opportunities.
    Think tank vs Planning commission:
    1. approach
    Planning commission
    its approach was from top to down ie; hierarchical approach
    Niti aayog
    Bottom up approach- with co operative federalism.
    2.Role of states
    Planning commission was all following centralised system, with more power to center which was an open violation to federal structure of India.
    Where as NITI Aayog it has more participation of state governments, with all CM s and Left.colnels as its executive memebers. States have important role in making policies and institutions.
    3. Finance
    Planning commission was the financier for policies organised by them through 5 year plans, now in NITI aayog it just constitutes the policies and finance is managed by the finance ministry directly.

    NITI aayog has taken India to next level through , starups, make in India , Digital INdia, Swacht Bharath abhiyan, etc are their initiatives.
    Regional Council has been introduced in NITI Aayog to address local issues.
    A new function of addressing the National Security has also been initiated in NITI Aayog.
    way forward
    NITI aayog has put up with great deal of development in nearby future, als through its 15 year long road map, 7 years vision , strategy and action plan has helped a lot in taking India to a global level.

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