Hey readers. Today’s post is about Principles of Indian Foreign Policy. So without wasting a time let us jump in.
India is a sovereign country and every sovereign country has its foreign policy. India too has one.
But What is Foreign Policy?
Basically, foreign policy is the sum total of principles, interests and objectives which a country promotes while interacting with other countries.
Even though, there are certain basic features of foreign policy it is not a fixed concept. It is dynamic. Furthermore, the dimensions of foreign policy keep on changing according to changing international conditions.
Moreover, history, culture, geography and economy of one country shape its foreign policy.
Foreign Policy of India
Objectives of IFP
Principles of IFP
The primary purpose of any countries foreign policy is to promote its national interest- to ensure its security, safeguard its sovereignty, contribute to its growth and prosperity and generally enhance its stature, influence and role in the comity of nations. A country’s foreign policy should also be able to serve the broader purpose of promoting peace disarmament and development and of establishing a stable, fair and equitable global order- Muchkund Dubey
The Constitutional Principle
- Promote international peace and security.
- Maintain just and honourable relations between nations.
- Foster respect for international law and Treaty obligations in the dealings of organised people with one another,
- Encourage settlement of international disputes by arbitration
- Respect each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty,
- Mutual non-aggression,
- Mutual non-interference,
- Equality and mutual benefit, and
- Peaceful co-existence.
Non-alignment has been an important feature of India’s foreign policy. The aim of Non-alignment was to maintain national independence in foreign affairs.
Non-alignment was neither neutrality nor non-involvement nor isolationism. It was a dynamic concept. Furthermore, Non-Alignment gained popularity in the developing countries.
- in favour of Indonesia’s nationality fighting the Dutch colonialism in 1947,
- against South Africa’s illegal occupation of Namibia
Afro Asian Unity
India firmly believes in the equality of all human beings. Her policy is aimed at opposition to all form of racial discrimination.
India firmly opposed the infamous apartheid policy in South Africa. Not only India had cut off diplomatic relations with South Africa in 1949 but also used her influence in the application of comprehensive sanctions (later) against the white minority racist Regime of South Africa.
Foreign Economic Aid
After independence, India realised the importance of economic development. Also, it knew the limitations of herself. India was lacking funds, technical know-how and machinery.
By adopting NAM policy, India killed two birds with one stone. Amazingly, India took the best of both the worlds. Moreover, India approached USSR and USA for help and it went well for India. USSR helped India with technology. Also, USA came up with grains in 1965 famines.
So these were some of the basic principles of Indian foreign policy. If you have any doubts ask me in the comment section below or DM on Instagram.
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