3rd October 2019 | ODF, CAATSA, Paryatan Parv, CNNS, NH766, POA Act, India-Bangladesh, Bharat-22

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03 OCTOBER 2019 CURRENT AFFAIRS

In this post, we will cover the current affairs from the 3rd October 2019, Source is PIB, the Hindu, the Indian Express. Finally, you will find the link to download PDF.

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PARYATAN PARV 2019 | ART AND CULTURE | PIB

  • Paryatan Parvis nationwide campaign to promote tourism and showcasing the diversity of the country.
  • Based on the principle of Tourism for All
  • It is inaugurated in New Delhi and will be held across the country from 2nd October 2019 to 13th October 2019.
  • Paryatan Parvis organised by the Ministry of Tourism

Three Components of Paryatan Parv

  1. Dekho Apna Desh: Encourage Indians to visit their own country
  2. Tourism For All: Showcasing programmes and activities such as Dance, Music, Theatre and Story
  3. Tourism And Governance: Interactive sessions + Workshops with stakeholders

OPEN DEFECATION FREE | SOCIAL ISSUES | INDIAN EXPRESS

  • SBA-G: Was launched in October 2014. The aim was to achieve cleanliness, universal sanitation coverage and eliminate open defecation by October 2019.
  • 2nd October 2019: 150th Birth Anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi
  • PM Modi announced Rural India have declared themselves ODF
  • Modi: In 60 Month, more than 60 crore people were provided with 11 crore toilets
  • By 2022: second campaign at eliminating single-use plastic

When the village is ODF?

  • Firstly, when there are no visible faeces in the village.
  • Secondly, when every household, as well as public OR community institution,  uses safe technology option for faecal disposal,
  • Moreover, there is access to a toilet facility or a faecal deposit through the septic tank.
  • Once the village declares itself Open Defection Free, states are required to carry out verification.

COMPREHENSIVE NATIONAL NUTRITION SURVEY | HEALTH GSII | THE HINDU

  • The CNNS is the first-ever national nutrition survey conducted by the central government of India
  • Conducted by Ministry of the Health + UNICEF between Feb 2016 and October 2018
  • Survey measured malnutrition as well as details of non-communicable diseases, hypertension, cholesterol and kidney function in children and adolescents.
  • The survey provided pieces of evidence of the coexistence of obesity and undernutrition among school-going children
  • Nearly 10% of children in the age group of 5-9 years and adolescents in the age group of 10-19 years are prediabetic
  • 5% are overweight and another 5% suffer from blood pressure
  • 25% were thin for their age
  • One in five i.e. 20% between 5-9 years old were stunted.

US WARNS PARTNERS OF SANCTIONS RISK | GSII | INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS | THE HINDU

  • The U.S. officials have warned India that with the decision to go ahead with the purchase of the Russian S-400 missile defence system, India may risk sanctions under CAATSA law.
  • S-400: Air defence missile system. It can destroy hostile strategic bombers, jets, missiles and drones at a range of 380 km. It is Russia’s most advanced long-range surface to air missile defence system
  • Why India Wants S-400? India on the northern boundary surrounded by Pakistan and China. Both countries are hostile towards India. Both countries possess well-equipped fighter planes ex. F-16 from Pakistan, J-17 from China etc.
  • The US is apprehensive of this move by India. As per CAATSA federal law, US sanctions against countries that engage in significant transactions with Russia’s defence and intelligence sectors. CAATSA enacted in 2017, it is a US federal law that imposed sanctions on Iran, North Korea and Russia.

NH 766 | BANDIPUR TIGER RESERVE | ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY | INDIAN EXPRESS

  • Located between Karnataka and Kerala
  • Passes through Bandipur Tiger Reserve
  • Night Ban: The Karnataka government banned night traffic through the road passing through BandipurNational Park as it is argued that it is disturbing the wildlife (such as life cycle, breeding pattern) is from 9 P.M in the evening up to 6 A.M. in the morning and for 2 wheelers from 6 P.M. to 6 A.M NH 766 remains closed
  • Bandipur Tiger Reserve: part of 3 interconnected forests that include Madumalai Wildlife Sanctuary (Tamil Nadu), Waynad Wildlife Sanctuary (Kerala) and Nagarhole National Park (Karnataka). This national park is home to Tigers, Elephants, Leopards, Gaur and other mammals.

A SOUND REVIEW | POLITY | THE HINDU |

  • The Supreme Court recalled its March 20, 2018 verdict, which diluted the original provisions of the SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act of 1989.
  • The March 2018 verdict was based on the view that members of the SC/ST used the PoA law to lodge false complaints, which led to the arrest of innocent persons. So SC of India diluted the provision against Dalit or SC/ST person.
  • So why SC recalled its judgement? SC said it is against basic human dignity to treat all SC/ST community members as liars.

INDIA- BANGLADESH | FURTHERING THIS NEIGHBORHOOD FRIENDSHIP

  • Sheikh Hasina will visit India from October 3-6. Both countries went to elections recently.
  • According to author India – Bangladesh are enjoying one of the best periods of their relationship
  • Positive development in areas diplomatic, political, economic and security relations
  • Success: LBA 2015 + Bilateral Trade + Energy export + Land routes + Tourism activity (Health)
  • Issues: Teesta Water Sharing Agreement + NRC issue (illegal immigrants) + Cattle trafficking + Bureaucratic Red Tape + Rohingya issue
  • Shared colonial legacy + Socio-cultural bonds → 3Cs. cooperation + coordination + consolidation

RAINING MISERY | DISASTER MANAGEMENT | THE HINDU

  • Cities located along the banks of rivers are prone to floods
  • Cities located along the coastlines are prone to cyclones
  • Why floods are creating havoc in India? Because of poor infrastructure and lack of administrative preparedness
  • Even the capital centre of states, for example, Patna in case of Bihar goes under power and communication cut
  • Monsoon is expected to withdraw after October 10. More than a month behind the normal.
  • The issue here is extreme rainfall and drought at an increased frequency.
  • The possible cause for this climate change. UMEFCC along with water, agriculture, urban and rural development ministries should look into this.
  • Indian cities are receiving heavy investments but state and municipal administration is failed to match their ambition for development + capacity building + infrastructure.
  • Indian cities should look for solution → Ecology + Engineering → Utilise excess flood water and put it into a good use
  • Water management is the priority of the current NDA govt. Flood handling structure is the necessity of the time.

Ministry of Jal Shaktiis a ministry under Government of India which was formed in May 2019. This Ministry of Jalebi’s Shakti was formed by merging of two ministries; Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation and Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.ccccc

MILES TO GO BEFORE OPEN DEFECATION FREE | SOCIAL ISSUE | THE HINDU

  1. As per article India should have sanitation policy which is non-coercive in nature. Non-coercive means not using threats or force to achieve compliance
  2. We discussed in the first article that states in India have declared themselves ODF
  3. In the past 5 years, the Indian government has built more than 100 million toilets i.e. 18 toilets per minute
  4. This article focuses on how India achieved this feat.
  5. After reading the article, you can conclude that the author is happy with this success of SBM and ends achieved but not so much impressed by the ways or means practised by the state.

This can be classic example of ethics case study. Make sure that you read this article here.

BHARAT 22 | EXCHANGE TRADED FUNDS | ECONOMY | THE HINDU

  • ETFs are mutual funds listed and traded on stock exchanges like shares.
  • There are four types of ETFs already available — Equity ETFs, Debt ETFs, Commodity ETFs and Overseas Equity ETFs.
  • Bharat 22 is an ETF that will track the performance of 22 stocks, which the government plans disinvest.
  • ETFs are more liquid than mutual funds.

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